Why Do Buses Come In Threes – Book Review

Title – Why Do Buses Come In Threes?

Authors – Rob Eastaway and Jeremy Wyndham

Genre – Non-fiction

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“We did not invent mathematics, we discovered it. It exists in every aspect of our lives – serious or light-hearted, momentous or trivial.”

This book arrived as a recommendation from my fellow breed of non-fiction readers from my book club. Hardcore non-fiction readers are hard to come by; one usually receives a slew of suggestions for thrillers, historical fiction, and chicklit, and memoirs or autobiographies from non-fiction genres. This peculiar “layman’s” read about mathematical concepts piqued my interest – both for the subjects covered and the audience targetted. In spite of being a maths-phobe, I decided to dive into the sea of numbers and see what Eastaway and Wyndham had to offer.

“Why Do Buses Come In Threes?” delves into the hidden mathematics of everyday life. Those who find themselves fascinated by numbers and solve numerical puzzles as a hobby, will obviously love this book which sheds light of how maths is present anywhere and everywhere. And then there are people like me, who place mathematics on the same pedestal as foreign languages, because that’s how numbers float in front of us – no different from alphabets of a foreign script. The book serves to remind and help us discover how maths is relevant to everything we do, not just numerically, and we will never gain freedom from however dreaded the world of numbers seems to us. The author duo aims to provide new insights and stimulate curiosity.

The book identifies links between nature and mathematics, revealing how the subject rules and enhances our existence. The most beautiful pieces of music can be broken down mathematically, since all notes have a numerical relationship with each other – vibrating in harmony, unison or discord. The more straightforward the mathematical connection, the sweeter the sound. Dotted throughout the book are practical uses for probability theory, applications of tangents while sight seeing, Fibonacci series, Venn diagrams in the predator-prey relationship, prime numbers, matrices and lots more to have you looking at numbers like you never did in school. Even geometry and trigonometry find their way in day to day situations we encounter, but we solve problems so subconsciously we don’t even realize those dreaded math concepts are at work. How do coincidences occur and why are they significant? What goes on behind keeping a secret? How do you cut a cake into equal pieces so your kids don’t squabble about who got the bigger slice? How does the sporting world decipher who the best athlete is when sports are so different? Why do you find yourself waiting at the bus stop for ages, only to see three buses arrive at the same time? Why do you always get stuck in traffic jams when you leave home just ten minutes later, and reach work thirty minutes late? Is the world conspiring against you? From everyday logic, murder mysteries and parliamentary debates, puzzles, card games and magic tricks, even dating and gambling, the book covers a multitude of territories proving you can never really achieve freedom  from the subject you might have assumed you were avoiding since school. There is historical information, general trivia and a horde of interesting facts to help you learn and ponder as you read.

In agreement with the authors, whether you have a degree in astrophysics or haven’t attempted a maths problem since school, this book will change the way you view the world around you and the world of numbers. And no, the writing doesn’t get even a tad boring. The authors humorously provide situations and examples, making concepts easier to follow and have fun with at the same time. To be honest, few concepts took me a while to understand and I’m still working on some more. But that’s because maths has never been one of my favorite subjects. My rating is based on my own experience with this book – I was completely lost at places where I knew nothing about the subject (I doubt I even paid much attention in school), but other parts were amusing and I had fun solving puzzles and imagining scenarios. To sum up in three words, charming, entertaining and insightful.

My rating – 3/5

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Flying High

Be bold. Be different. Be amazing. And just know ahead of time that some people will think you’re crazy. People will feel jealous. People may try to sabotage your efforts. They don’t really hate you. They hate themselves because they don’t have the guts to do what you’re doing, and they direct that frustration at you. Love them and let them grow. Just don’t spend too much time with them or you will start to think like they do. Feel free to be yourself. Freedom from what others think of you and expect you to be. Sometimes standing out is better than blending in. The freedom to be who you are and what you want to be. Freedom from indecisiveness, fear, insecurity, negativity, laziness. What would you do if there was nothing to stop you? Let go of what holds you back, so you can soar higher.

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Feline Philosophies

Life lessons from a cat:

~No matter how small, if you find a ray of sunshine, bask in it’s glory.

~Start the day by stretching. Stretch before you do anything.

~Gather information before you take a leap.

~Be soft and furry, but keep your claws sharpened at all times.

~When in doubt, study the subject with patience.

~Meditate. Quietly gaze upon the world. Schedule your “me” time.

~Socialize, but don’t lose your individuality.

~As you fall, stay calm, regroup, and land on your feet.

~Look your best, even if no one is watching.

~Be curious. Make the world your playground.

~Have confidence in yourself and take risks.

~Take frequent naps, but always be ready for new adventures.

~Climb to the highest point and enjoy the view.

~Hiss if you have to.

~When in trouble, look cute and cuddly.

~Value a new perspective, even if it means lying down on the floor.

~Be persistent. Never give up if you really want something.

~Approach problems with focus and determination.

~Make eye contact when communicating. Even if the language is different, everyone should know your opinion.

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Reach out to the community and pass on your knowledge.

 

Sources:

~www.boredpanda.com

~www.mission2organize.com

 

If A River – Book Review

Title – If A River

Author – Kula Saikia

Genre – Fiction, Short story collection

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The Birthday Bookathon progresses steadily. For the uninitiated, my reading goals for the year have been regional books from India – one (at least) from each of the twenty nine states and seven union territories. I started on my birthday in November last year and have three more months to go. I just finished one from the northeastern state of Assam. “If A River” is a collection of short stories by Kula Saikia originally written in Assamese and translated into Hindi, Bangla, Odia, Marathi and Telugu languages over the years. This is the first English translation which came out in February this year, comprising twenty short stories, translated into English by six writers.

Saikia’s storytelling is thought provoking, his writing simplistic, with stories inspired from day-to-day life. He transports the reader into the minds of his characters, whereby one feels one isn’t merely reading, but thinking and feeling like his characters do. Some of the stories end with a twist, some twist your thinking throughout, but every one of them causes you to reflect on seemingly mundane issues. From the pathos in ‘Well-wishers‘, to the charming ‘Gift‘, the child-like exuberance of ‘If A River‘, to the horror of ‘Birthmark‘, every story invokes myriad emotions that go beyond the actual story and make you live the character’s life, and experience like he does.

Saikia touches on prosaic themes – waiting at a bus stop, attending a school reunion, going for a run, preparing a will, wanting to play a game of football, making new friends. His narrative, however, leaves a deep impact – causing you to reflect long after each story has ended. I read at the rate of two or three stories a day – in spite of being short reads, the author has the knack of making you read and reflect, and take your time through them. Some of my favorites were, ‘In The Rain‘ – about an elderly couple waiting for the rain on noticing their flower bed wilting, ‘Whispers‘ – set at a funeral, where the death of a house owner results in a maid losing the job she was dependent on for her dying child, ‘The Game‘ – featuring a sports coach and his emphasis on the importance of sports, ‘The Final Hour‘ – the difference between what is thought, what is said, and what is done when doomsday arrives, ‘The Will‘ – about a man with dementia pondering over preparing a will, before he forgets the things he owns, and the people he knows.

I loved Saikia’s usage of figures of speech, and was astounded at his seamless weaving of alliterations, metaphors and personifications in a work of prose, which makes it seem almost poetic. Some beautiful lines:

~”Look at this candle. We simply look at its flame that gives light, the molten wax remains unseen to the eyes. The burning candle does not weep for the molten wax.”

~”Tell me about your long journey. Was it the same old countries, same old oceans, same old mountains, or something new? Did you notice any new clusters of stars to show you the way?” (A bedridden old man talking to birds at his window.)

~”Sometimes poems, as yet unwritten, are created in a hidden, secret chamber of the mind.”

~”An annoying boredom gnaws at her in the silence. Noise could become her friend now.”

~”The doors of his mind are open for the winds of knowledge to enter from all directions.”

~”The pleasure of a journey encompasses much more than the mere satisfaction of arriving at your destination. You may assume that the journey always continues, and it will continue till the last step.”

~”Memories stay with us. They cannot be bequeathed through a will.”

~”Every object has a specific use, and is created for a definite purpose. Yet the significance of that purpose may vary from person to person.”

~”Smiles sweep across their faces like barges on a river, and he stands on its side, unmoved as a rock.”

I marked a lot of quotes and excerpts throughout the book, and this collection will stay cherished among my shelves to flip through occasionally. A mention needs to be made of the translators who have done a fabulous job in bringing Saikia’s works to a wider audience of readers worldwide. The “painting” on the cover is beautiful – simplistic and connects with the reader, just like a river connects its banks. The first page of the book is also printed in the Assamese language – providing a connect with the original writer and his writings – something I have not seen in many translated books. I attempted the script on the origami paper boat I crafted to go with the picture. The words are the title of the book, followed by the name of the author. If you like books that make you think, give this one a read. “If A River” is the only collection of Kula Saikia’s works available for English readers.

Rating – 5/5

 

Every Day Is A Purr-fect Day

“Kittens are born with their eyes shut. They open them in about six days, take a look around, then close them again for the better part of their lives.”

~Stephen Baker

Today is “International Cat Day”. Created in 2002 by the ‘International Fund For Animal Welfare’, the celebration on 8th August is an ode to the cat community everywhere. Rosa Silva has composed some poetry which is as cute and cuddly as the cats themselves. Have a look at what she has to say about our feline friends.

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Tribe Of Reader-Runners

As the book collection spirals out of control with frequent bookstore visits, buying new books, scouring second-hand shops for thrift sales, and keeping an eye out for books in general, book gifts by friends helpfully aid that spiral – a progressive spiral to add to one’s home library, and a downward spiral as far as space to accommodate, and time to read them all is concerned.

I was at a running event yesterday, and received this book by ultrarunner Dean Karnanzes from a fellow marathoner. The newest addition to the running shelf. A book for a runner, about a runner, from a runner. 🙂

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Round And Round We Go Again

Spirals exist everywhere – in nature and man-made – and can be interpreted in so many ways.

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Such an intricate home.
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In the galaxy too.
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A poem by Jesi Scott. Read it from the inside out.
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Spiral Dynamics – A management and behavioral tool by Clare Graves.
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Genuwine Cellars
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An aloe plant
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Care to read some more spirals?
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A spiral staircase
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If a puzzle interests you, the questions can be accessed here.

Wrap Your Friends In A Hug Today

“There is no friend as loyal as a book.”  ~Ernest Hemingway

“My books are friends that never fail me.”  ~Thomas Carlyle

“It was books that made me feel that perhaps I wasn’t completely alone.”  ~William Herondale

“Books are my companions. They make me laugh and cry and find meaning in life.” ~Christopher Paolini

“Outside of a dog, a book is man’s best friend. Inside of a dog, it’s too dark to read.”  ~Groucho Marx

The first Sunday of August is celebrated as Friendship Day. For avid readers, books have always been constant companions. They transport us to new worlds, open doors to imagination, help us explore the lives of legendary icons, take us across canvasses of music, philosophy, art, history, and share their wealth of knowledge with us. A writer’s interplay of words teaches the reader to empathize with characters and learn about the world, it’s places and people one might not know personally. Books offer relationships not just with others, but with ourselves. A reader can span the expanse of genres and languages –  fiction, non-fiction, fantasy, drama, memoirs, novels, anthologies, short stories, poems, essays – the many letters of the alphabet take form and shape and present before us a whole new world of literature.

Who/what is a friend and what constitutes a friendship? Aristotle referred to this bond as “eudaimonia” – the sense of what causes one to flourish as a human. C.S Lewis quoted, “Friendship is born of the moment when one man says to another, ‘What! You too? I thought that no one but myself…”  Eudaimonia can be encountered in myriad ways. Books too take up the role as a bulwark against loneliness – Reading as an act is performed in solitude, but we learn concern, love, understanding, to engage in a conversation with the author, critique what has been read; the reader need not always abide with what the writer has presented. Books do not talk back (as human friends would), but they stimulate the imagination, and teach us to accommodate mysteries we do not know and thrive on thought processes. Books teach us persistence – How many times have you picked up tomes from second-hand/thrift shops? Old copies might be dog-eared, bear stains, yellowed with age, and almost crumbling, but the contents of the books don’t change – one can still read and learn as much as from a brand new copy. The unchangeability of books is a profile in tenacity.

How often have you lost a book or lent one and never had it returned? Replacing the missing one is usually not at simple as buying a fresh copy. In the same way as true friends are irreplaceable, we miss the books themselves – our books, the ones we highlighted quotes or bracketed excerpts or doodled in, the lessons we learned, and the distinctive past we share with that particular book. Self-help books are a genre by themselves, but any book can help us in any amount of ways. It all depends on the reader, their state of mind, current situation in life, what one is looking for at a particular moment.

My reading choices are quite eclectic, but at any point in time books have always stood by me. There is a piece of literature available for any mood or occasion. These are some of the categories I choose books from, listed according to the authors, with many more books within each author’s repertoire.

~For a few (or maybe a lot) laughs – P.L.Deshpande, P.G.Wodehouse, Erma Bombeck, Caitlin Moran, Stephen Fry, Jenny Lawson, Andrea Camilleri.
~To curl up with on rainy days – Agatha Christie, Yrsa Sigurdardóttir, Jim Corbett, Raymond Chandler, Tess Gerritsen.
~To philosophise/internalize – Italo Calvino, Thich Nhat Hanh, Will Durant, Daniel Dennett, Julian Baggini .
~A quick dive (for their essays/short stories) – Ruskin Bond, Somerset Maugham, Sudha Murty, O. Henry, Shanta Shelke, Satyajit Ray, Premchand.
~For sports – Dean Karnanzes, Amby Burfoot, Christopher McDougall, Sam Sheridan, Alexandra Heminsley, Scott Jurek, Larry Shapiro.
~To stay up late with – Stephen King, Adam Nevill, Dean Koontz, Neil Gaiman, Edgar Allen Poe.
~For my dose of poetry – Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Maya Angelou, Rumi, Kahlil Gibran, Tagore.

Who are your go-to friends when you need a literary companion? Any particular books or authors you instinctively reach out for? Spare a moment of thought for our loyal friends on this Friendship Day and how they have been guiding lights over the years.

14th Nov 2017 (5)

When Your Mouth Isn’t Doing The Talking…

Danny Danziger and Mark McCrum came out with a book in 2009 titled “The Whatchamacallit” – a fun and witty compilation of “everyday objects you just can’t name, and things you think you know about but don’t. ”  According to the author duo, the beginning of wisdom is to call things by their right names. In continuation with our effort to add to one’s ever expanding vocabulary in the Ragtag Daily Prompt, MNL from Cactus Haiku has prompted us with borborygmus as the word for the day.

Borborygmus can be described as a stomach rumble or peristaltic sound, also referred to as ‘bubble gut‘ due to the rumbling, growling or gurgling noises produced by the movement of the contents of the gastrointestinal tract as they are propelled through the small intestine by a series of muscle contractions known as ‘peristalsis‘. The rumbles and grumbles are produced in the stomach as fluid and gas move forward in the intestines. The scientific name ‘borborygmus‘ is derived from the 16th century French word ‘borborygme‘, which in turn was related to the ancient Greek  βορβορυγμός (borborygmós – which the Greeks coined onomatopoetically).

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Incomplete digestion of food can lead to excess gas in the intestine. Hunger can also trigger peristalsis through the ‘migrating motor complex‘. After the stomach has emptied, it signals the brain to restart peristalsis via the digestive muscles. The rumblings can also be caused when air is swallowed if one is sipping beverages through a straw, or constantly talking while eating.

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As a marathon runner, borborygmus is something we often deal with. The medical terminology makes it sound a lot more threatening than it actually is, but something as innocuous as sipping an energy drink through the straw of a tetrapack while in the middle of a run can trigger fluid and gas movement, creating rumbles. If one’s meals and races or training sessions are not timed properly, it can cause discomfort while running. An athlete is often advised to not try anything new on race day – whether the pre-race meals, energy aids during the race, or nutrient replacements post the event, one should consume foods the digestive system is accustomed to. Any sort of experimentation can be left for training days.

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A variation of the word has been found in literature, used to describe noise in general. ‘Borborygmic’ featured in Vladimir Nabokov’s “Ada” where noisy plumbing was referred to as “waterpipes seized with borborygmic convulsions”. In “A Long way Down” Elizabeth Fenwick described a room as being “very quiet, except for it’s borborygmic old radiator”. Graham Greene’s “Alas, Poor Maling” was a short story featuring a character who found “irritating noises taking the shape of borborygmus”.

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Have you ever wondered what your body is trying to communicate with you? Maybe you will pay closer attention to all those creaks and groans from now on. Aside of the noises inside, do you think you could identify some borborygmic sounds in the vicinity? Now you know the word for them!